1,5-asymmetric induction in boron-mediated aldol reactions of beta-oxygenated methyl ketones
Dias, Luiz C.
Aguilar, Andrea M. [UNIFESP]
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This tutorial review describes that high levels of substrate-controlled, 1,5-stereoinduction are obtained in the boron-mediated aldol reactions of beta-oxygenated methyl ketones with achiral and chiral aldehydes. Remote induction from the boron enolates gives the 1,5-anti adducts, with the enolate pi-facial selectivity critically dependent upon the nature of the beta-alkoxy protecting group. This 1,5-anti aldol methodology has been strategically employed in the total synthesis of several natural products with remarkable pharmacological activities. At present, the origin of the high level of 1,5-anti induction obtained with the boron enolates is unclear, although a model based on hydrogen bonding between the beta-alkoxy oxygen and the formyl aldehyde hydrogen has recently been proposed.
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