Stability of the transverse dimension of the maxilla after surgically assisted rapid expansion

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Aloise, Antonio Carlos [UNIFESP]
Pereira, Max D.
Hino, Claudia T.
Gragnani Filho, Alfredo
Ferreira, Lydia Masako [UNIFESP]
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the behavior of the transverse dimension of the maxilla after surgically assisted rapid expansion with and without using a transpalatal arch fixed retention. Sixty cast models of the maxilla and 60 posteroanterior radiographs from 30 adult subjects, 16 male subjects and 14 female subjects, were evaluated. the subjects were 18.1 to 53.2 years old (mean age, 27.3 years), had been submitted to surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion, and were using the expansion appliance for four months. the subjects were randomly assigned into two groups of 15 subjects. One group, called the group with retention, received a transpalatal arch fixed retention and another group, which received no retention, was called the group without retention. the assessments were performed at two time points: at the removal of the expansion appliance (Tl) and 6 months after the removal of the expansion appliance (T2). in the cast models, interpremolar distances (A-Al) and intermolar distances (B-B1) were measured and in the posteroanterior radiographs, maxillomandibular discrepancy was used. A reduction in the distances A-Al (-0.76 mm) and B-B1 (-1.54 mm) was observed among the time points studied in the group without retention and this difference was statistically significant. in the group with retention, the difference between the time points T1 and T2 was not statistically significant. the assessment of the maxillomandibular difference showed an increase between the time points TI and T2 in the group with retention (1.54 mm) and the group without retention (0.84 mm), which means a reduction in the maxillary width in the posteroanterior radiograph. in the comparison between the groups, the assessment of the cast models and the assessment of the posteroanterior radiograph showed no statistically significant difference in any of the variables studied.
Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 18, n. 4, p. 860-865, 2007.