Immunologically relevant strain polymorphism in the Amastigote Surface Protein 2 of Trypanosoma cruzi
Espindola, Noeli Maria
Vaz, Adelaide Jose
Boscardin, Silvia B.
Rodrigues, Mauricio M.
Is part ofMicrobes and Infection
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Several evidences suggest that the Amastigote Surface Protein-2 (ASP-2) of Trypanosonia cruzi is an important target for immunity during infection. Based on this, we considered it important to evaluate its strain polymorphism. Initially, we observed the presence of conserved cross-reactive epitopes in amastigotes of all parasite strains tested. in addition, the predicted amino acid sequences of the genes isolated from the cDNA of amastigotes of CL-Brener, Tulahuen, Colombian and G strains displayed a high degree of identity (> 80%) to the previously described C Genes of ASP-2. Unexpectedly, Sylvio X10/4 and G strains expressed a new isoform of ASP-2 with limited identity to the previously described genes, but with a high degree of identity when compared to each other. Immunological studies confirmed the presence of cross-reactive epitopes between recombinant proteins representing the different isoforms of ASP-2. However, the genetic vaccination of mice with the new isoform of asp-2 gene expressed by the G strain failed to provide the same degree of protective immunity to a challenge by parasites of the Y strain as did asp-2 genes of Y or CL-Brener strains. in summary, we found that few strains can express different isoforms of ASP-2 which may not share cross-protective epitopes. (c) 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
CitationMicrobes and Infection. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 9, n. 8, p. 1011-1019, 2007.
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