Sympathetic and renin-angiotensin systems contribute to increased blood pressure in sucrose-fed rats

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Freitas, Raphael R. de A.
Lopes, Karen L.
Carillo, Bruno A.
Bergamaschi, Cassia T.
Carmona, Adriana K.
Casarini, Dulce E.
Furukawa, Luzia
Heimann, Joel C.
Campos, Ruy R.
Dolnikoff, Miriam S.
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Background: This study evaluated the effect of chronic sucrose feeding on hemodynamic parameters and renal sympathetic nervous activity. in addition, angiotensin 1, 11, and 1-7 levels were determined in plasma, heart, kidney, and the epididymal adipose tissue.Methods: Male Wistar rats were treated for 30 days with 20% sucrose solution (n = 21) or tap water (n = 19) and food ad libitum. Blood pressure, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance were recorded at the end of the 30-day treatment period. Sympathetic and angiotensinergic systems were evaluated by acute hexamethonium and captopril administration; plasma and tissue (heart, kidney, and epididymal adipose tissue) angiotensins were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography; and angiotensin-converting enzyme activity was determined by continuous fluorescent assay. Plasma renin activity and plasma levels of insulin and leptin were evaluated by radioimmunoassay.Results: Chronic sucrose feeding was associated with increased blood pressure (BP) (129 +/- 1 v 102 +/- 3 mm Hg) and circulating insulin (171%) and leptin (356%) levels when compared with the control group. the sucrose group also showed a 27% higher renal sympathetic nervous activity. the depressor response to hexamethonium was similar in both groups, whereas captopril caused a more pronounced decrease in BP in the sucrose group than in controls (-40 +/- 2 v -11 +/- 2 mm Hg), possibly reflecting the higher plasma renin activity and plasma content of angiotensin II and renal angiotensin II in sucrose rats.Conclusions: These findings suggest a specific renal renin-angiotensin-sympathetic activation as a potential mechanism for the cardiovascular changes in response to chronic sucrose feeding. Am J Hypertens 2007;20: 692-698 (c) 2007 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.
American Journal of Hypertension. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 20, n. 6, p. 692-698, 2007.