Charged residues are involved in membrane fusion mediated by a hydrophilic peptide located in vesicular stomatitis virus G protein
Carneiro, Fabiana A.
Juliano, Maria A.
Da Poian, Andrea T.
Is part ofMolecular Membrane Biology
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Membrane fusion is an essential step of the internalization process of the enveloped animal viruses. Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) infection is mediated by virus spike glycoprotein G, which induces membrane fusion at the acidic environment of the endosomal compartment. in a previous work, we identified a specific sequence in VSV G protein, comprising the residues 145 to 164, directly involved in membrane interaction and fusion. Unlike fusion peptides from other viruses, this sequence is very hydrophilic, containing six charged residues, but it was as efficient as the virus in catalyzing membrane fusion at pH 6.0. Using a carboxyl-modifying agent, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD), and several synthetic mutant peptides, we demonstrated that the negative charges of peptide acidic residues, especially Asp(153) and Glu(158), participate in the formation of a hydrophobic domain at pH 6.0, which is necessary to the peptide-induced membrane fusion. the formation of the hydrophobic region and the membrane fusion itself were dependent on peptide concentration in a higher than linear fashion, suggesting the involvement of peptide oligomerization. His(148) was also necessary to hydrophobicity and fusion, suggesting that peptide oligomerization occurs through intermolecular electrostatic interactions between the positively-charged His and a negatively-charged acidic residue of two peptide molecules. Oligomerization of hydrophilic peptides creates a hydrophobic region that is essential for the interaction with the membrane that results in fusion.
CitationMolecular Membrane Biology. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 23, n. 5, p. 396-406, 2006.
vesicular stomatitis virus
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