Correlation of c-erbB-2 oncogene and p53 tumor suppressor gene with malignant transformation of hydatidiform mole

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Sun, Sue Yazaki [UNIFESP]
Daher, Silvia [UNIFESP]
Ishigai, Marcia Marcelino de Souza [UNIFESP]
Alves, MTS
Mantovani, T. M.
Mattar, Rosiane [UNIFESP]
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Considering the roles of c-erB-2 and p53 oncoproteins in tumor progression, we aimed to evaluate their expression in hydatidiform moles, and the possible predictive value of this immunoexpression in postmolar follow-up.Group I comprised 35 patients with progression to gestational trophoblastic tumor, and group II included 32 patients with progression to spontaneous remission. Immunohistochemical tests were performed by streptavidin-peroxidase method. c-erbB-2 immunoexpression was evaluated according to quantitative and semiquantitative criteria; p53 according to percentage of cells with stained nuclei. Data were analyzed by Student t-test, Mann-Whitney test, ROC curve and logistic regression analysis.c-erbB-2 and p-53 expressions were significantly increased in group I. Quantitative and semiquantitative analysis of c-erb-2 showed that its expression may be associated with mole hydatidiform progression to gestational trophoblastic tumor. Taking into account cells with complete membranous delineation we proposed a cut-off value of 10.8%. Similarly, considering the percentage of cells presenting nuclei marked by p53 we suggested a cut-off value of 40.1% for the prediction of malignant transformation of mole hydatidiform.c-erbB-2 and p53 immunoexpression in hydatidiform mole are usually increased with malignant transformation. in addition to beta-fraction of human chorionic gonadotropin, they could possibly help the establishment of a therapeutic protocol.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, v. 32, n. 3, p. 265-272, 2006.