A novel category of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli simultaneously utilizes the Nck and TccP pathways to induce actin remodelling

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2006-06-01
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Whale, Andrew D.
Garmendia, Junkal
Gomes, Tania A. [UNIFESP]
Frankel, Gad
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Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) induce drastic reorganization of the microfilament cytoskeleton. EHEC and EPEC translocate Tir (translocated intimin receptor) which, once inserted into the host plasma membrane, binds the bacterial outer membrane adhesin intimin. Tir(EPEC) then becomes tyrosine phosphorylated facilitating the recruitment and site-specific binding of the eukaryotic adaptor Nck, which in turn binds and activates the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP), leading to actin-related protein 2/3 (Arp2/3) complex-mediated actin polymerization. in contrast, Tir(EHEC) has no Nck binding site; instead, EHEC utilizes the translocated effector TccP (Tir-cytoskeleton coupling protein) to bind and activate N-WASP. Here we report a novel class of EPEC that translocates both TccP and Tir(EPEC)-like effector molecules. Consistent with these characteristics, we show that both the Tir-Nck and Tir:TccP actin remodelling pathways function simultaneously during infection, making this a novel and versatile EPEC category.
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Cellular Microbiology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, v. 8, n. 6, p. 999-1008, 2006.
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