Anatomical study of the gastrocnemius venous network and proposal for a classification of the veins

Anatomical study of the gastrocnemius venous network and proposal for a classification of the veins

Author Aragão, José Aderval Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Reis, F. P. Google Scholar
Pitta, Guilherme Benjamin Brandão Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Miranda Junior, Fausto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Poli de Figueiredo, Luiz Francisco Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objectives. To present a detailed description of the gastrocnemius venous network.Design. Anatomical study in cadavers.Material and methods. Forty lower limbs from 20 adult male cadavers were studied. All gastrocnemius veins were dissected from the gastrocnemius muscle heads proximally toward their drainage site.Results. Eighty heads of 40 gastrocnemius muscles showed 438 gastrocnemius veins. the number of veins per muscle head varied between 2 and 12. There were 221 gastrocnemius trunks distributed as 95 main gastrocnemius trunks, 81 axial and 45 collateral ones. Front the 95 main gastrocnemius trunks, 83 (87%) drained into the popliteal vein. Direct observation of the gastrocnemius venous network allowed its to classify the anatomical distribution as four distinct types.Conclusions. the majority of main gastrocnemius venous trunks drain into the popliteal vein. There is wide variability in the number of gastrocnemius veins. We propose a classification of four distinct types of anatontical pattern.
Keywords calf veins
deep venous thrombosis
gastrocnemius veins
gastrocnemius muscle
venous anatomy
Language English
Date 2006-04-01
Published in European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. London: W B Saunders Co Ltd, v. 31, n. 4, p. 439-442, 2006.
ISSN 1078-5884 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher W B Saunders Co Ltd
Extent 439-442
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000236640400017

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