Cold stimulus-fingertip lacticemy: Standardization of the test in normal volunteers and diagnostic application for systemic sclerosis

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Kayser, C.
Pucinelli, MLC
Fontenelle, SMA
Andrade, LEC
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Objectives: To standardize the cold stimulus-fingertip lacticemy test (CS-FTL) in normal individuals and to establish reference levels for discrimination of normal individuals and patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).Methods: FTL was determined before (pre-CS) and 3, 8, and 13 min after cold stimulus (post-CS) in 94 normal controls according to gender and age. Diagnostic performance of Delta CS-FTL (percentage difference between post- and pre-CS-FTL) was tested comparing 25 SSc patients and the 94 normal individuals by ROC curve analysis.Results: Successive FTL determinations in the same fingertip yielded consistent results and the whole CS-FTL test proved to be reproducible. Pre-CS-FTL in SSc patients was higher than in normal controls (P < 0.001). FTL decreased after cold stimulus (negative Delta CS-FTL) in normal controls while SSc patients presented positive ACS-FTL. Gender did not influence pre-CS-FTL and post-CS-FTL in normal controls. the decrease in FTL after cold stimulus was more prominent for normal individuals between 25 and 34 years old in comparison to other age subgroups, with statistical significance for females at 3 min post-CS (P < 0.05). ROC curve analysis showed better diagnostic performance with post-CS-FTL at 8 and 13 min.Conclusion: CS-FTL test provides a reproducible quantitative biochemical parameter that reflects fingertip microcirculation status and was able to discriminate patients with SSc and normal controls, with optimal performance with post-CS-FTL at 8 to 13 min. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Microvascular Research. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 70, n. 1-2, p. 84-89, 2005.