Organ donation and transplantation in Brazil: University students' awareness and opinions

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Peron, A. L.
Rodrigues, A. B.
Leite, D. A.
Lopes, J. L.
Ceschim, P. C.
Alter, R.
Roza, B. A.
Pestana, J. O.
Schirmer, J.
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This study was aimed at assessing university students' awareness and opinions about aspects of the law no. 10.221/01. This exploratory study was performed among students at the S (a) over tildeo Paulo Federal University-UNIFESP, from 2001 to July 2002, including 1284 undergraduates in the following courses: nursing, medicine, speech and language therapy, biomedicine, and ophthalmic technology. That data show that 47.7% (333) of undergraduates are aware of the kind of donation established by the new law. Among the adolescents of first and second grades, and courses, there was a difference on the awareness about the kind of donation (P = .000). Most undergraduates (57.6%, 402) agree with consented donation. However, the high percentage-35.1% (245)-that chose the alternative I don't know is remarkable. Results show that many undergraduates are unaware of the specifications of the technical files for transplants; only 48.3% (337) of them chose the correct answer, and 79.4% (554) do not believe that the order in the waiting list for transplants is respected. the conclusion is that it is worth emphasizing is that there are different opinions and levels of awareness among students, considering age, religion and religious practice, and course and level at school. in spite of unawareness and lack of belief in the principles of distribution of organs and tissue, most students are willing to be donors (68.2%).
Transplantation Proceedings. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 36, n. 4, p. 811-813, 2004.