In vitro activities of the novel cephalosporin LB 11058 against multidrug-resistant staphylococci and streptococci
Sader, Helio S. [UNIFESP]
Johnson, D. M.
Jones, R. N.
Is part ofAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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LB 11058 is a novel parenteral cephalosporin with a C-3 pyrimidinyl-substituted vinyl sulfide group and a C-7 2-amino-5-chloro-1,3-thiazole group. This study evaluated the in vitro activity and spectrum of LB 11058 against 1,245 recent clinical isolates, including a subset of gram-positive strains with specific resistant phenotypes. LB 11058 was very active against Streptococcus pneumoniae. the novel cephalosporin was 8- to 16-fold more potent than ceftriaxone, cefepime, or amoxicillin-clavulanate against both penicillin-intermediate and -resistant S. pneumoniae. LB 11058 was also very active against both beta-hemolytic streptococci (MIC at which 90% of isolates were inhibited [MIC90], less than or equal to0.008 mug/ml) and viridans group streptococci (MIC90, 0.03 to 0.5 mug/ml), including penicillin-resistant strains. Among oxacillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, LB 11058 MIC results varied from 0.06 to 0.25 mug/ml (MIC50, 0.12 mug/ml), while among oxacillin-resistant strains LB 11058 MICs varied from 0.25 to 1 mug/ml (MIC50, 1 mug/ml). Coagulase-negative staphylococci showed an LB 11058 susceptibility pattern similar to that of S. aureus, with all isolates being inhibited at less than or equal to1 mug/ml. LB 11058 also showed reasonable in vitro activity against Enterococcus faecalis, including vancomycin-resistant strains (MIC50, 1 mug/ml), and Bacillus spp. (MIC50, 0.25 mug/ml); however, it was less active against Enterococcus faecium (MIC50, >64 mug/ml) and Corynebacterium spp. (MIC50, 32 mug/ml). Against gram-negative pathogens, LB 11058 showed activity against Haemophilus influenzae (MIC90, 0.25 to 0.5 mug/ml) and Moraxella catarrhalis (MIC90, 0.25 mug/ml), with MICs not influenced by beta-lactamase production. in conclusion, LB 11058 demonstrated a broad antibacterial spectrum and was highly active against gram-positive bacteria, particularly against multidrug-resistant staphylococci and streptococci.
CitationAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 48, n. 1, p. 53-62, 2004.
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