Chromosomal polymorphism, syntenic relationships, and ploidy in the pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

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Feitosa, L. D.
Cisalpino, P. S.
Santos, MRM dos
Mortara, R. A.
Barros, T. F.
Morais, F. V.
Puccia, R.
Silveira, J. F. da
Camargo, Z. P. de
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Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and DNA hybridization were used to establish and compare the electrophoretic karyotypes of 12 clinical and environmental Paracoccidioides brasiliensis isolates from different geographic areas. Gene mapping allowed the identification of synteny groups and the use of isolated whole chromosomal bands to probe chromoblots indicated the existence of repetitive sequences, contributing to a better understanding of the structure and organization of the fungus genome. This represents the first comparative mapping study among different isolates. the results are indicative of the existence of genetic differences among natural isolates. DNA content of DAPI-stained nuclei of each isolate was estimated by confocal microscopy. Comparison of the genome sizes estimated by PFGE with those calculated by microfluorometry indicated the possible existence of haploid and diploid (or aneuploid) isolates of the fungus. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
Fungal Genetics and Biology. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 39, n. 1, p. 60-69, 2003.