Nutritional status of Japanese-Brazilian subjects: comparison across gender and generation

Nutritional status of Japanese-Brazilian subjects: comparison across gender and generation

Author Freire, Renata D. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cardoso, M. A. Google Scholar
Shinzato, Alexandre R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreira, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Japanese-Brazilian Diabet Study Group Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The present paper describes a nutritional survey carried out among Japanese-Brazilian subjects living in Bauru, south-eastern Brazil. Data were from a cross-sectional population-based study of 1283 first-generation Japanese-Brazilian subjects (Japan-born; 127 men and 121 women) and second-generation Japanese-Brazilian subjects (Brazil-born; 456 men and 573 women) aged 30-90 years. Anthropometric measurements and % body fat were measured and BMI and waist:hip ratio calculated. Dietary assessment was performed using a validated food-frequency questionnaire. A considerable proportion of men (51 %) and women (47 %) had excess weight (BMI>24.9 kg/m(2)). A greater waist circumference in men and women (age-adjusted by covariance analysis) was observed among Brazil-born participants. in general, only 10 % of the participants reported current practice of sports or other vigorous physical activity. Age-adjusted mean energy intakes and % energy from macronutrients were found to be similar across generations. the age-adjusted mean daily % energy intake from fat were similar across generations: among Japan-born participants, they were 31.5 (95 % CI 30.6, 32.4) % for men and 32.6 (95 % CI 31.7, 33.5) % for women. the respective figures for Brazil-born subjects were 32.1 (95 % CI 31.6, 32.6) % and 33.2 (95 % CI 32.7, 33.5) %. These values are quite different from the usual intakes reported in Japan during the last decades (about 25 %). Taking into account the traditional Japanese diet, a high energy density diet and a sedentary lifestyle may be implicated in the high prevalence of central obesity and metabolic syndrome observed among Japanese-Brazilian subjects across gender and generations.
Keywords nutrition survey
dietary patterns
abdominal obesity
Language English
Date 2003-05-01
Published in British Journal of Nutrition. Wallingford: C A B I Publishing, v. 89, n. 5, p. 705-712, 2003.
ISSN 0007-1145 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher C A B I Publishing
Extent 705-712
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000182801100016

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