Involvement of Trypanosoma cruzi metacyclic trypomastigote surface molecule gp82 in adhesion to gastric mucin and invasion of epithelial cells
Silva, Fernando A.
Cortez, Mauro [UNIFESP]
Yoshida, Nobuko [UNIFESP]
Is part ofInfection and Immunity
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Upon oral infection, Trypanosoma cruzi metacyclic trypomastigotes invade and replicate in the gastric mucosal epithelium, being apparently uniquely specialized for adhesion to mucin and mucosal invasion. Here we investigated the involvement of gp82, the metacyclic-stage-specific surface glycoprotein implicated in host cell entry, in both adhesion to gastric mucin and invasion of the mucosal epithelium upon oral challenge. Metacyclic forms, preincubated with a control monoclonal antibody (MAb) or with MAb 3F6 directed to gp82, were administered orally to BALB/c mice, and parasitemia was monitored. Mice that received parasites treated with MAb 3F6 had greatly reduced parasitemia, displaying at the peak a mean number of blood parasites more than 100-fold lower than that of the control group. MAbs directed to other T. cruzi surface glycoproteins had no such effect. gp82, as either a native or a recombinant molecule, but not the metacyclic trypomastigote surface molecule gp90 or gp35/50, bound to gastric mucin in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. MAb 3F6 significantly inhibited the penetration of cultured epithelial HeLa cells by metacyclic forms in the absence or in the presence of gastric mucin. Mucin alone did not affect parasite internalization. Parasite infectivity was not altered by treatment of metacyclic forms with pepsin, to which gp82 was resistant, or with proteinase K, which removed the N-terminal portion of gp82 but preserved its host cell binding site. Taken together, these findings suggest that gp82 mediates the interaction of metacyclic trypomastigotes with gastric mucin and the subsequent penetration of underlying epithelial cells.
CitationInfection and Immunity. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 71, n. 1, p. 557-561, 2003.
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