Allelic polymorphisms of human Fc gamma receptor IIa and Fc gamma receptor IIIb among distinct groups in Brazil

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2000-11-01
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Kuwano, S. T.
Bordin, J. O.
Chiba, A. K.
Mello, A. B.
Figueiredo, M. S.
Vieira, JPB
Fabron, A.
Kerbauy, J.
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BACKGROUND: the Fc gamma RIIA gene is expressed in two polymorphic farms, R131 and H131, which differ by the replacement of histidine by arginine at position 131. the FCGR3B (Fc gamma RIIIB) gene exists in two allelic isoforms, known as FCGR3B1 (Fc gamma RIIIB-NA1) and FCGR3B2 (Fc gamma RIIIB-NA2), which differ in nucleotides 141, 147, 227, 277, and 349. An additional polymorphism is the SH antigen that is associated with the FCGR3B3 (Fc gamma RIIIB-SH) allele.STUDY DESIGN and METHODS: By use of a PGR with allele-specific primers, the allelic polymorphisms of Fc gamma RIIA and Fc gamma RIIIB were determined among 263 unrelated Brazilian subjects, including Amazon Indians (n = 92), blood donors (n = 85), and patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) (n = 86).RESULTS: Amazon Indians had a significantly higher frequency of the R131 allele than did blood donors and SCD patients (0.91 vs. 0.55 vs. 0.55; p<0.001). NA1 and NA2 gene frequencies were found to be 0.67 and 0.21 for Amazon Indians, 0.58 and 0.42 for blood donors, and 0.61 and 0.39 for SCD patients, respectively. the Fc<gamma>RIIIB-SH allele was absent from the Amazon Indians, but 9 (10.6%) blood donors and 10 (11.6%) SCD patients expressed this allele.CONCLUSION: Overall, the data indicate that the distribution of the Fc gamma RIIIB alleles is significantly different in Amazon Indians from the distribution in Brazilian blood donors or African Brazilian patients with SCD, but that it is similar to the distributions reported in Asian populations. Moreover, the distribution of the Fc gamma RIIA and Fc gamma RIIIB alleles among Brazilian blood donors and SCD patients is comparable to the distributions reported in whites from the United States and Europe.
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Transfusion. Bethesda: Amer Assoc Blood Banks, v. 40, n. 11, p. 1388-1392, 2000.
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