Biochemical characterization of human cathepsin X revealed that the enzyme is an exopeptidase, acting as carboxymonopeptidase or carboxydipeptidase

Nenhuma Miniatura disponível
Klemencic, I
Carmona, Adriana Karaoglanovic [UNIFESP]
Cezari, Maria Helena Sedenho [UNIFESP]
Juliano, Maria Aparecida [UNIFESP]
Juliano, Luiz [UNIFESP]
Guncar, G.
Turk, D.
Krizaj, I
Turk, V
Turk, B.
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
Cathepsin X, purified to homogeneity from human liver, is a single chain glycoprotein with a molecular mass of approximate to 33 kDa and pI 5.1-5.3. Cathepsin X was inhibited by stefin A, cystatin C and chicken cystatin (K(i) = 1.7-15.0 nm), but poorly or not at all by stefin B (K(i) > 250 nm) and L-kininogen, respectively. the enzyme was also inhibited by two specific synthetic cathepsin B inhibitors, CA-074 and GFG-semicarbazone. Cathepsin X was similar to cathepsin B and found to be a carboxypeptidase with preference for a positively charged Arg in P1 position. Contrary to the preference of cathepsin B, cathepsin X normally acts as a carboxymonopeptidase. However, the preference for Arg in the P1 position is so strong that cathepsin X cleaves substrates with Arg in antepenultimate position, acting also as a carboxydipeptidase. A large hydrophobic residue such as Trp is preferred in the P1' position, although the enzyme cleaved all P1' residues investigated (Trp, Phe, Ala, Arg, Pro). Cathepsin X also cleaved substrates with amide-blocked C-terminal carboxyl group with rates similar to those of the unblocked substrates. in contrast, no endopeptidase activity of cathepsin X could be detected on a series of o-aminobenzoic acid-peptidyl-N-[2,-dinitrophenyl]ethylenediamine substrates. Furthermore, the standard cysteine protease methylcoumarine amide substrates (k(cat)/K(m) approximate to 5.0 x 10(3) m(-1).s(-1)) were degraded approximate to 25-fold less efficiently than the carboxypeptidase substrates (k(cat)/K(m) approximate to 120.0 x 10(3) m(-1).s(-1)).
European Journal of Biochemistry. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, v. 267, n. 17, p. 5404-5412, 2000.