Comorbidity and global functioning (DSM-III-R Axis V) in a Brazilian sample of cocaine users

Comorbidity and global functioning (DSM-III-R Axis V) in a Brazilian sample of cocaine users

Author Razzouk, D. Google Scholar
Bordin, IAS Google Scholar
Jorge, M. R. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract We assessed the mental disorders rate in treatment-seeking, nonintravenous cocaine users in a Brazilian outpatient clinic, and evaluated how comorbidity affects global functioning. Fifty male nonintraveneous cocaine users from an outpatient clinic were interviewed with semistructured instruments based on DSM-III-R criteria. All subjects met the DSM-III-R criteria for cocaine abuse or dependence during the last 6 months. the lifetime Axis I or Axis II disorders rate was 69%, with a higher prevalence of anxiety disorders (31%) and depressive disorders (20%). By using a multivariate analysis, the number of personality disorders, the number of psychiatric diagnoses, and the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders were found as significant factors associated with poor global functioning among nonintraveneous cocaine addicts.
Keywords dual diagnosis
cocaine abuse
cocaine dependence
global functioning
Language English
Date 2000-01-01
Published in Substance Use & Misuse. London: Informa Healthcare, v. 35, n. 9, p. 1307-1315, 2000.
ISSN 1082-6084 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Informa Healthcare
Extent 1307-1315
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000087953200009

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