Clues to the presence of pathogenic fungi in certain environments

Clues to the presence of pathogenic fungi in certain environments

Author Restrepo, A. Google Scholar
Baumgardner, D. J. Google Scholar
Bagagli, E. Google Scholar
Cooper, C. R. Google Scholar
McGinnis, M. R. Google Scholar
Lazera, M. S. Google Scholar
Barbosa, F. H. Google Scholar
Bosco, SMG Google Scholar
Camargo, ZPF Google Scholar
Coelho, Kunie Iabuki Rabello Google Scholar
Fortes, S. T. Google Scholar
Franco, M. Google Scholar
Montenegro, M. R. Google Scholar
Sano, A. Google Scholar
Wanke, B. Google Scholar
Institution Corp Invest Biol
Univ Wisconsin
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Texas
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Fed Roraima
Chiba Univ
Abstract The presence of various pathogenic fungi in rather unsuspected hosts and environments has always attracted the attention of the scientific community. Reports on the putative role of animals in fungal infections of humans bear important consequences on public health as well as on the understanding of fungal ecology. Fungi are ubiquitous in nature and their great capacity for adaptation allows them to survive and indeed, to thrive, in plants, trees and other natural substrata. Nonetheless, we are just beginning to learn the significance that these diverse fungal habitats have on the increasing number of immunosuppressed individuals. the accidental or permanent presence of fungi in animals, plants, soils and watercourses should not be taken too lightly because they constitute the source where potential pathogens will be contracted. If those fungal habitats that carry the largest risks of exposure could be defined, if seasonal variations in the production of infectious propagules could be determined, and if their mode of transmission were to be assessed, it would be possible to develop protective measures in order to avoid human infection. Additionally, unsuspected avenues for the exploration of fungal survival strategies would be opened, thus enhancing our capacity to react properly to their advancing limits. This paper explores several ecological connections between human pathogenic fungi and certain animals, trees, waterways and degraded organic materials. the occurrence of such connections in highly endemic areas will hopefully furnish more precise clues to fungal habitats and allow the design of control programs aimed at avoiding human infection.
Keywords armadillos
bamboo rats
jungle trees
pathogenic fungi
Language English
Date 2000-01-01
Published in Medical Mycology. Oxford: B I O S Scientific Publishers Ltd, v. 38, p. 67-77, 2000.
ISSN 1369-3786 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher B I O S Scientific Publishers Ltd
Extent 67-77
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000166958800009

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