Coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass
Teles, C. A.
Aguiar, L. F.
Gomes, Walter José [UNIFESP]
Is part ofAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
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Background. Coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass is now an accepted technique of myocardial revascularization. We herein report our total experience with this procedure.Methods. in a consecutive series of 8,751 patients operated on in our institution for coronary artery disease from 1981 to 1994, 1,274 patients received coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass.Results. Results indicate that the operation can be performed with an acceptable mortality (2.5%), and that all types of arterial conduits can be used. Most commonly the left anterior descending and right coronary arteries were bypassed. the incidence of arrhythmias and of pulmonary and neurologic complications were significantly lower in this group of patients compared with patients receiving coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass. Most importantly, there was decreased cost when the procedure was used because no extracorporeal circulation, cardioplegia sets, or other cannulas were used.Conclusions. We conclude that the continuing use of coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass is justified and that, with proper selection of patients, the procedure is safe and cost-effective.
CitationAnnals of Thoracic Surgery. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 61, n. 1, p. 63-66, 1996.
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