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Title: Intravenous administration of bone marrow-derived multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells enhances the recruitment of CD11b(+) myeloid cells to the lungs and facilitates B16-F10 melanoma colonization
Authors: Souza, Lucas E. B.
Almeida, Danilo C. [UNIFESP]
Yaochite, Juliana N. U.
Covas, Dimas T.
Fontes, Aparecida M.
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier Inc
Citation: Experimental Cell Research. San Diego, v. 345, n. 2, p. 141-149, 2016.
Abstract: The discovery that the regenerative properties of bone marrow multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) could collaterally favor neoplastic progression has led to a great interest in the function of these cells in tumors. However, the effect of BM-MSCs on colonization, a rate-limiting step of the metastatic cascade, is unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of BM-MSCs on metastatic outgrowth of B16-F10 melanoma cells. In in vitro experiments, direct co-culture assays demonstrated that BM-MSCs stimulated the proliferation of B16-F10 cells in a dose-dependent manner. For in vivo experiments, luciferase-expressing B16-F10 cells were injected through tail vein and mice were subsequently treated with four systemic injections of BM-MSCs. In vivo bioluminescent imaging during 16 days demonstrated that BM-MSCs enhanced the colonization of lungs by B16-F10 cells, which correlated with a 2-fold increase in the number of metastatic foci. Flow cytometry analysis of lungs demonstrated that although mice harboring B16-F10 metastases displayed more endothelial cells, CD4 T and CD8 T lymphocytes in the lungs in comparison to metastases-free mice, BM-MSCs did not alter the number of these cells. Interestingly, BM-MSCs inoculation resulted in a 2-fold increase in the number of CD11b(+) myeloid cells in the lungs of melanoma-bearing animals, a cell population previously described to organize "premetastatic niches" in experimental models. These findings indicate that BM-MSCs provide support to B16-F10 cells to overcome the constraints that limit metastatic outgrowth and that these effects might involve the interplay between BM-MSCs, CD11b(+) myeloid cells and tumor cells. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0014-4827
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