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Title: Impact of hippocampal subfield histopathology in episodic memory impairment in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis
Authors: Comper, Sandra Mara [UNIFESP]
Jardim, Anaclara Prada [UNIFESP]
Corso, Jeana Torres [UNIFESP]
Gaca, Larissa Botelho [UNIFESP]
Silva Noffs, Maria Helena [UNIFESP]
Penteado Lancellotti, Carmen Lucia
Cavalheiro, Esper Abrao [UNIFESP]
Centeno, Ricardo Silva [UNIFESP]
Targas Yacubian, Elza Marcia [UNIFESP]
Keywords: Hippocampal sclerosis
Hippocampal subfields
Neuronal cell density
Temporal lobe epilepsy
Verbal memory
Visual memory
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
Citation: Epilepsy & Behavior. San Diego, v. 75, p. 183-189, 2017.
Abstract: Objective: The objective of the study was to analyze preoperative visual and verbal episodic memories in a homogeneous series of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) submitted to corticoamygdalohippocampectomy and its association with neuronal cell density of each hippocampal subfield. Methods: The hippocampi of 72 right-handed patients were collected and prepared for histopathological examination. Hippocampal sclerosis patterns were determined, and neuronal cell density was calculated. Preoperatively, two verbal and two visual memory tests (immediate and delayed recalls) were applied, and patients were divided into two groups, left and right MTLE (36/36). Results: There were no statistical differences between groups regarding demographic and clinical data. Cornu Ammonis 4 (CA4) neuronal density was significantly lower in the right hippocampus compared with the left (p = 0.048). The groups with HS presented different memory performance the right HS were worse in visual memory test [Complex Rey Figure, immediate (p = 0.001) and delayed (p = 0.009)], but better in one verbal task [RAVLT delayed (p = 0.005)]. Multiple regression analysis suggested that the verbal memory performance of the group with left HS was explained by CA1 neuronal density since both tasks were significantly influenced by CA1 [Logical Memory immediate recall (p = 0.050) and Logical Memory and RAVLT delayed recalls (p = 0.004 and p = 0.001, respectively)]. For patients with right HS, both CA1 subfield integrity (p = 0.006) and epilepsy duration (p = 0.012) explained Complex Rey Figure immediate recall performance. Ultimately, epilepsy duration also explained the performance in the Complex Rey Figure delayed recall (p < 0.001). Significance: Cornu Ammonis 1 (CA1) hippocampal subfield was related to immediate and delayed recalls of verbal memory tests in left HS, while CAl and epilepsy duration were associated with visual memory performance in patients with right HS. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1525-5050
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