Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/56590
Title: Association of Exercise Training with Tobacco Smoking Prevents Fibrosis but has Adverse Impact on Myocardial Mechanics
Authors: Reis Junior, Dermeval [UNIFESP]
Antonio, Ednei Luiz [UNIFESP]
Franco, Marcello Fabiano de [UNIFESP]
de Oliveira, Helenita Antonia
Tucci, Paulo José Ferreira [UNIFESP]
Serra, Andrey Jorge [UNIFESP]
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Oxford Univ Press
Citation: Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Oxford, v. 18, n. 12, p. 2268-2272, 2016.
Abstract: Introduction: There was no data for cardiac repercussion of exercise training associated with tobacco smoking. This issue is interesting because some smoking people can be enrolled in an exercise-training program. Thus, we evaluated swimming training effects on the function and structural myocardial in rats exposed to tobacco smoking. Methods: Male Wistar rats were assigned to one of four groups: C, untrained rats without exposure to tobacco smoking
E, exercised rats without exposure to tobacco smoking
CS, untrained rats exposed to tobacco smoking
ECS, exercised rats exposed to tobacco smoking. Rats swam five times a week twice daily (60 min per session) for 8 weeks. Before each bout exercise, rats breathed smoke from 20 cigarettes for 60 min. Twenty-four hours after the last day of the protocol, papillary muscles were isolated for in vitro analysis of myocardial mechanics. The myocardial mass and nuclear cardiomyocyte volume were used as hypertrophy markers, and collagen content was determined by picrosirius red staining. Results: There was a well-pronounced myocardial hypertrophic effect for two interventions. The exercise blunted myocardial collagen increases induced by tobacco smoking. However, exercise and tobacco-smoking association was deleterious to myocardial performance. Thereby, in vitro experiments with papillary muscles contracting in isometric showed impairment myocardial inotropism in exercised rats exposed to tobacco smoking. Conclusions: This work presents novel findings on the role of exercise training on cardiac remodeling induced by tobacco smoking. Although exercise has mitigated tissue fibrosis, their association with tobacco smoking exacerbated hypertrophy and in vitro myocardial dysfunction. Implications: This is first study to show that the association of an aerobic exercise training with tobacco smoking intensifies the phenotype of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Therefore, the combination of interventions resulted in exacerbated myocardial hypertrophy and contractility dysfunction. These findings have significant clinical implication because some smoking people can be enrolled in an exercise-training program.
URI: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/56590
ISSN: 1462-2203
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntw180
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