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Title: Application of an Ionic Liquid in the Microwave Assisted Extraction of Cytotoxic Metabolites from Fruits of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Anacardiaceae)
Authors: Morais, Thiago R. [UNIFESP]
Coutinho, Ana Paula R. [UNIFESP]
Camilo, Fernanda F. [UNIFESP]
Martins, Tereza S. [UNIFESP]
Sartorelli, Patricia [UNIFESP]
Massaoka, Mariana H. [UNIFESP]
Figueiredo, Carlos R. [UNIFESP]
Lago, Joao Henrique G. [UNIFESP]
Keywords: Schinus terebinthifolius
tirucallane triterpenoids
gallic acid derivatives
ionic liquid
cytotoxic activity
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Soc Brasileira Quimica
Citation: Journal Of The Brazilian Chemical Society. Sao Paulo, v. 28, n. 3, p. 492-497, 2017.
Abstract: This work reports the application of an ionic liquid (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide, BMImBr) in the microwave assisted extraction (MAE) of metabolites from fruits of Schinus terebinthifolius. Dried fruits were individually extracted using BMImBr: H2O 1: 1, v/v (experiment 1) and pure H2O (experiment 2) by MAE (10 min at 60 degrees C). After partition using EtOAc, the yield to experiment 1 was about 23% while to experiment 2 was 0.1%. The EtOAc fraction obtained from experiment 1 was purified by chromatographic methods to afford 3-oxotirucalla-7,24Z-dien27- oic acid, 3a-hydroxytirucalla-7,24Z-dien-27-oic acid, 3 alpha-acetoxytirucalla-7,24Z-dien-27-oic acid, gallic acid, and ethyl gallate, being the first occurrence of the third compound as natural product. Cytotoxic activity was evaluated in vitro against cancer cell lines (A2058, HeLa, SiHa, HCT, SKBR-3, U87, and B16F2Nex2), being 3 alpha-acetoxytirucalla-7,24Z-dien-27-oic acid the more active metabolite with IC50 ranging from 10.9 +/- 1.3 to 17.3 +/- 1.4 mu g mL(-1), lower than that determined to positive control cisplatin.
ISSN: 0103-5053
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