Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/5447
Title: Absence of the predisposing factors and signs and symptoms usually associated with overreaching and overtraining in physical fitness centers
Authors: Ackel-d'Elia, Carolina [UNIFESP]
Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz [UNIFESP]
Castelo Filho, Adauto [UNIFESP]
Nouailhetas, Viviane Louise Andree [UNIFESP]
Silva, Antonio Carlos da [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Overtraining
Overreaching
Mood states
Blood and Biochemical analysis
Questionnaire
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2010
Publisher: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Citation: Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 65, n. 11, p. 1161-1166, 2010.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of the well-known predisposing factors and signs and symptoms usually associated with either overreaching or overtraining syndrome in physical fitness centers in São Paulo City, Brazil. METHOD: A questionnaire consisting of 13 question groups pertaining to either predisposing factors (1-7) or signs and symptoms (8-13) was given to 413 subjects. The general training schedule of the volunteers was characterized by workout sessions of 2.18 ± 0.04 h for a total of 11.0 ± 0.3 h/week for 33 ± 2 months independent of the type of exercise performed (walking, running, spinning, bodybuilding and stretching). A mean score was calculated ranging from 1 (completely absent) to 5 (severe) for each question group. A low occurrence was considered to be a question group score lower than 4, which was observed in all 13 question groups. RESULTS: The psychological evaluation by POMS Mood State Questionnaire indicated a normal non-inverted iceberg. The hematological parameters, creatine kinase activity, cortisol, total testosterone and free testosterone concentrations were within the normal ranges for the majority of the volunteers selected for this analysis (n = 60). CONCLUSION: According to the questionnaire score analysis, no predisposing factors or signs and symptoms usually associated with either overreaching or overtraining were detected among the members of physical fitness centers in São Paulo City, Brazil. This observation was corroborated by the absence of any significant hematological or stress hormone level alterations in blood analyses of the majority of the selected volunteers (n = 60).
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/5447
ISSN: 1807-5932
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322010001100019
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