Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/53550
Title: The role of ischemic preconditioning and pentoxifylline in intestinal ischemia/reperfusion injury of rats
Authors: Ribeiro de Oliveira, Teresinha Regina [UNIFESP]
de Oliveira, Geraldo Ferreira
Simoes, Ricardo Santos [UNIFESP]
Tikazawa, Eduardo Hiroshi
Monteiro, Hugo Pequeno [UNIFESP]
Fagundes, Djalma Jose [UNIFESP]
Taha, Murched Omar [UNIFESP]
Keywords: Ischemic Preconditioning
Pentoxifylline
Ischemia
Reperfusion Injury
Intestines
Rats
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira
Citation: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira. Sao Paulo, v. 32, n. 7, p. 559-567, 2017.
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the role of ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and pentoxifylline (PTX) in intestinal mucosa ischemia/reperfusion injury (IR). Methods: Thirty rats were assigned to 5 groups (N= 6): (CG): no clamping of the superior mesenteric artery (90 min.)
(IR-SS): saline + ischemia (30 min.) + reperfusion (60 min.)
(IRPTX): PTX + ischemia (30min.) + reperfusion (60 min.)
(IPC-IR-SS): 5 min. of ischemia + 5 minutes of reperfusion (IPC) + saline + ischemia (30 min.) + reperfusion (60 min.)
(IPC-IR-PTX): 5 min. of ischemia + 5 min. of reperfusion (IPC) + PTX + 30 min. of I + 60 minutes of R. Results: The IR-PTX, IPC-IR-SS and IPC-IR-PTX groups had significantly lower scores of mucosa damage than the IR-SS group. IR-PTX group showed higher scores than the IPC-IR-PTX group, in accordance with the hypothesis of a favorable effect of IPC alone or in association with PTX. Additionally, IPC-IR-SS had a higher damage score than the IPC-IR-PTX. The villi height and crypt depth were similar in all groups. The villi height in the IR-SS was significantly lower. Conclusion: Ischemic preconditioning or pentoxifylline alone protect the intestinal mucosa from ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, they do not have a synergistic effect when applied together.
URI: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/53550
ISSN: 0102-8650
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020170070000007
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