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Title: Intensive care unit: results of the newborn hearing screening
Unidade de Terapia Intensiva: resultados da Triagem Auditiva Neonatal
Authors: Rechia, Inae Costa
Liberalesso, Katia Pase
Melchiors Angst, Otilia Valeria
Mahl, Fernanda Donato
Garcia, Michele Vargas [UNIFESP]
Vieira Biaggio, Eliara Pinto [UNIFESP]
Keywords: Hearing Loss
Newborn Screening
Intensive Care UnitsIntervention
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Assoc brasileira otorrinolaringologia & cirurgia cervicofacial
Citation: Brazilian Journal Of Otorhinolaryngology. Sao paulo, v. 82, n. 1, p. 76-81, 2016.
Abstract: Introduction: Procedures for extending the life of newborns are closely related to potential causes of hearing loss, justifying the identification and understanding of risk factors for this deficiency. Objective: To characterize the population, analyze the frequency of risk factors for hearing loss, and assess the audiological status of infants attended in a Newborn Hearing Screening program (NHS). Methods: This was a retrospective study that analyzed medical records of 140 patients from a neonatal intensive care unit, identifying the frequency of risk factors for hearing loss and audiological status, utilizing transient otoacoustic emissions and brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP). Results: Prematurity was present in 78.87% of cases
45% of the infants were underweight and 73% received ototoxic medication. Audiologically, 11.42% failed the NHS, and 5% of cases failed retest
of these, one had results compatible with hearing loss on BAEP. Conclusion: A higher rate of low birth weight, and prematurity was observed in infants who underwent screening and had an audiological diagnosis by the third month of life. Only one newborn presented a change in audiological status. The authors emphasize the importance of auditory monitoring for all infants, considering this as a high-risk sample for hearing loss. (C) 2015 Associacao Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1808-8694
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Appears in Collections:Artigo

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