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Title: Vitamin D Receptor Taql Polymorphism Is Associated With Reduced Follicle Number in Women Utilizing Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Authors: Reginatto, Mila W.
Pizarro, Bartira M.
Antunes, Roberto A.
Mancebo, Ana C. A.
Hoffmann, Luisa
Fernandes, Pamela
Areas, Patricia
Chiamolera, Maria Izabel [UNIFESP]
Silva, Rosane
Souza, Maria do Carmo Borges de
Bloise, Enrrico
Ortiga-Carvalho, Tania M.
Keywords: calcitriol
VDR polymorphisms
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media Sa
Citation: Frontiers In Endocrinology. Lausanne, v. 9, p. -, 2018. Article 252.
Abstract: Purpose: Calcitriol, or 1,25-hydroxycholecalciferol, is the active form of vitamin D. It binds and activates vitamin D receptor (VDR). Infertility and defective folliculogenesis have been observed in female vdr-knockout mice
however, whether VDR polymorphisms affect human ovarian responses to controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) remains unclear. We hypothesized that VDR polymorphisms are associated with infertility and COS responses. Thus, we evaluated the association between the Taql, Bsml, and Fokl VDR polymorphisms and ovarian responses in women undergoing COS. Methods: In this study, we recruited a control group (n = 121) comprising volunteers with a history of natural conception and a second group of women undergoing COS (n = 70). Taql, Bsml, and Fokl genotyping was performed via restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis or TaqMan qPCR and Sanger sequencing. Intrafollicular 25(OH)D contents were measured in follicular fluid collected from COS patients during oocyte retrieval. Ovarian response parameters were obtained from patient medical records. Results: There were no significant differences in the genotype frequencies of VDR polymorphisms (Taql, Bsml and Fokl) between the control and COS groups. However, the allele frequency of Taql (C allele) was significantly lower in the COS group than in the control group (p = 0.02). Follicle number but not oocyte number was lower in patients with Taql polymorphic (TC/CC) genotypes (p = 0.03). Importantly, the ratio between the number of follicles retrieved and intrafollicular estradiol concentrations was higher in patients with the TC/CC Taql genotypes (p < 0.02). Conclusion: We identified an association between the VDR Taql polymorphism and reduced follicle number in women undergoing COS, suggesting that VDR signaling affects the ovarian response to stimulation via unknown mechanisms.
ISSN: 1664-2392
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