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Title: The burden of osteoporosis in Brazil: regional data from fractures in adult men and women - The Brazilian Osteoporosis Study (BRAZOS)
O impacto da osteoporose no Brasil: dados regionais das fraturas em homens e mulheres adultos - The Brazilian Osteoporosis Study (BRAZOS)
Authors: Pinheiro, Marcelo de Medeiros [UNIFESP]
Ciconelli, Rozana Mesquita [UNIFESP]
Schuch, Natielen Jacques
Genaro, Patricia de Souza [UNIFESP]
Martini, LÍgia Araújo [UNIFESP]
Ferraz, Marcos Bosi [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Brazilian population
clinical risk factors
regional prevalence
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2010
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Revista Brasileira De Reumatologia. New York: Elsevier Science Inc, v. 50, n. 2, p. 113-127, 2010.
Abstract: Objectives: The BRAZOS (The Brazilian Osteoporosis Study) study is the first epidemiological and population-based study carried out in a representative sample of Brazilian men and women, 40 years or older, with the objective of identifying the prevalence and main clinical risk factors (CRF) associated with low-impact fractures. This report shows the main results according to each region of the country. Patients and Methods: A total of 2,420 subjects (70% women) from 150 different cities in five geographic regions in Brazil, and from all different socio-economical classes were included in this study. Anthropometrical data, as well life style, previous fractures, nutritional status, physical activity, falls, and quality of life were evaluated by a quantitative individual survey. Low-impact fracture was defined as that resulting from a fall no greater than standing height of an individual. A P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Statistically significant differences in the prevalence of fractures among the five Brazilian regions according to gender or social class were not observed. However, in women, a higher incidence of fractures was observed in metropolitan areas than in rural areas, and a tendency for a higher frequency of fractures was observed in men from Northeastern states. Statistically significant differences among men from metropolitan areas or rural areas were not observed. Conclusions: Significant differences in the prevalence of low-impact fractures among the five different regions of Brazil were not observed, as well as its frequency or relevance of risk factors.
ISSN: 0482-5004
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