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Title: Early nuclear alterations and immunohistochemical expression of Ki-67, Erb-B2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor (TGF-BETA 1) and integrine-linked kinase (ILK) two days after tamoxifen in breast carcinoma
Authors: Morena, Ana Maria Lira [UNIFESP]
Oshima, Celina Tizuko Fujiyama [UNIFESP]
Gebrim, Luiz Henrique [UNIFESP]
Egami, Mizue Imoto [UNIFESP]
Silva, Maria Regina Regis da [UNIFESP]
Segreto, Roberto Araujo [UNIFESP]
Giannotti Filho, Osvaldo [UNIFESP]
Teixeira, Vicente de Paulo Castro [UNIFESP]
Segreto, Helena Regina Comodo [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Oncoctr Fdn Sao Paulo
Keywords: breast cancer
tumor markers
TGF-beta 1
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2004
Publisher: Veda, Slovak Academy Sciences
Citation: Neoplasma. Brastislava: Veda, Slovak Academy Sciences, v. 51, n. 6, p. 481-486, 2004.
Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate breast carcinoma samples before and two days after treatment with tamoxifen in order to analyse early histopathological alterations - particularly nuclear alterations - as well as immunohistochemical expression of Ki-67, Erb-B2, VEGF, TGf-beta 1 and ILK proteins. Twenty one cases of invasive ductal and lobular breast carcinoma were studied. Patients were submitted to biopsy of the lesion and, after confirmation of the diagnosis, they received 20 mg of tamoxifen a day, beginning two days before surgery. The samples obtained during biopsy and after surgery were stained with HE for histopathological diagnosis. Estrogen receptor was positive in IS cases and negative in 3. The immunohistochemical method was applied for the detection of Ki-67, Erb-B2, protein, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta 1) and integrin linked kinase (ILK).Two days after tamoxifen treatment, the following results were observed: 1) decrease in the cell volume, chomatine condensation, nucleoli less evident and clearly defined nuclear limits; 2) significant reduction in the expression of Erb-B2 protein and significant increase in the expression of TGF-beta 1 protein; 3) expression of others proteins (Ki-67, VEGF and ILK) was not altered during the indicated time frame.Our results suggest that analyzing nuclear alterations and expression of Erb-B2 and TGF-beta 1 proteins would be useful to assess the initial response to tamoxifen.
ISSN: 0028-2685
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