Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/4489
Title: Molecular characterization of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains eight years apart from its first isolation in São Paulo, Brazil
Other Titles: Caracterização molecular de espécies de Enterococci resistentes à vancomicina oito anos após seu primeiro isolamento em São Paulo, Brasil
Authors: D'Azevedo, Pedro Alves [UNIFESP]
Furtado, Guilherme Henrique Campos [UNIFESP]
Medeiros, Eduardo Alexandrino Servolo de [UNIFESP]
Santiago, Kelly Aline de Souza [UNIFESP]
Silbert, Suzane [UNIFESP]
Pignatari, Antonio Carlos Campos [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Fundação Faculdade Federal de Porto Alegre Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia
Keywords: VRE
E. faecalis
E. faecium
PFGE (Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis)
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2008
Publisher: Instituto de Medicina Tropical
Citation: D'AZEVEDO, Pedro Alves et al . Molecular characterization of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci strains eight years apart from its first isolation in São Paulo, Brazil. Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo, São Paulo , v. 50, n. 4, p. 195-198, ago. 2008
Abstract: E. faecium was the first reported VRE species, carrying the vanA gene in Brazil. In spite of this, vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis has become the predominant species in Brazilian hospitals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic relatedness of VREs isolated in a Brazilian teaching hospital eight years apart from its first isolation. We analyzed 38 VRE strains obtained from 81 surveillance cultures of patients admitted to the four largest intensive care units in Hospital São Paulo in February, 2006. Presence of the vanA gene was assayed by PCR and PFGE analysis was used for molecular characterization. All VRE strains carried the vanA gene. Two distinct clonal groups were observed among vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis. Vancomycin-resistant E. faecium belonged to five distinct clones were demonstrated by molecular typing. All of these clones were different from the first vancomycin-resistant enterococci clone isolated eight years ago in our hospital.
E. faecium contendo o gene vanA foi a primeira espécie de VRE descrita, no Brasil. Apesar disto, E. faecalis resistente a vancomicina tem se tornado a espécie predominante nos hospitais brasileiros.O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a relação genética de VREs isolados em um hospital de ensino brasileiro após oito anos de seu primeiro isolamento. Analisamos 37 isolados de VRE obtidos de 81 culturas de vigilância de pacientes admitidos nas quatro maiores Unidades de Tratamento Intensivo em Fevereiro de 2006. A presença do gene vanA foi analisada por PCR e a caracterização molecular por PFGE. Todas as amostras VRE carreavam o gene vanA. Entre os E. faecalis vancomicina-resistentes, dois distintos grupos clonais foram observados. E. faecium resistente a vancomicina pertencentes a cinco clones distintos foram demonstrados por tipagem molecular. Todos esses clones foram diferentes do primeiro clone de enterococo resistente a vancomicina isolado oito anos atrás em nosso hospital.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/4489
ISSN: 0036-4665
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652008000400001
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