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|Title:||A localized adherence-like pattern as a second pattern of adherence of classic enteropathogenic Escherichia coli to HEp-2 cells that is associated with infantile diarrhea|
|Authors:||Scaletsky, Isabel Cristina Affonso [UNIFESP]|
Pedroso, Margareth Zabeu [UNIFESP]
Oliva, Carlos Alberto Garcia [UNIFESP]
Carvalho, Rozane de Lima Bigelli [UNIFESP]
Morais, Mauro Batista de [UNIFESP]
Fagundes Neto, Ulysses [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
|Publisher:||Amer Soc Microbiology|
|Citation:||Infection And Immunity. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 67, n. 7, p. 3410-3415, 1999.|
|Abstract:||Escherichia coli strains that cause nonbloody diarrhea in infants are known to present three distinct patterns of adherence to epithelial cells, namely, localized (LA), diffuse (DA), and aggregative (AA) adherence. Strains with LA (topical Enteropathogenic Escherichia call [EPEC]) are well recognized as a cause of secretory diarrhea, but the role of strains with DA (DAEC) is controversial, and strains with AA (EAEC) have been more frequently related to persistent diarrhea whereas its relationship with acute diarrhea is not well defined. To determine the relationship of the different types of E. coli adherence patterns with acute diarrhea (lasting less than 14 days) and persistent diarrhea (lasting more than 14 days) in Sao Paulo, Brazil, we studied stool specimens from 40 infants under 1 year of age with diarrhea and 40 age-matched control infants without any gastrointestinal symptoms. Twenty-eight (35.0%) of eighty cases yielded adherent E, coli (HEp-2 cells). Strains with localized and aggregative adherence were associated with acute and persistent diarrhea, A total of 11.2% of the adherent strains were typical EPEC serotypes and hybridized with the enteroadherence factor probe; 5.0% were EAEC and hybridized with the EAEC probe. DAEC strains were isolated from 10.0% of patients and 7.5% of controls and did not hybridize with the two probes used (daaC and AIDA-I). Strains with a localized adherence-like pattern (atypical EPEC) were found significantly more frequently (P = 0.028) in cultures from children with diarrhea (17.5%) than in controls (2.5%).|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo|
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