Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/43825
Title: CALCIUM-CHANNEL BLOCKERS AS INHIBITORS OF ANGIOTENSIN I-CONVERTING ENZYME
Authors: Casarini, Dulce Elena [UNIFESP]
Carmona, Adriana Karaoglanovic [UNIFESP]
Plavnik, Frida Liane [UNIFESP]
Zanella, Maria Teresa [UNIFESP]
Juliano, Luiz [UNIFESP]
Ribeiro, Artur Beltrame [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS
ISRADIPINE
Issue Date: 1-Dec-1995
Publisher: Amer Heart Assoc
Citation: Hypertension. Dallas: Amer Heart Assoc, v. 26, n. 6, p. 1145-1148, 1995.
Abstract: Using ion-exchange chromatography of dialyzed human urine from healthy and hypertensive patients, we detected two peaks of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity on hippuryl-His-Leu eluted at ionic strengths of 0.7 (F1 peak) and 1.25 (F2 peak) mS. These hydrolytic activities decreased gradually in the urine of patients submitted to isradipine treatment, F2 and F1 disappearing after 12 and 24 hours, respectively. By Western blot analysis, the urine fractions corresponding to both peaks from healthy and untreated patients presenting ACE activity and from treated patients (24 hours) without this activity were recognized by an ACE-specific antibody. These results indicated that ACE was present but inhibited in the urine of isradipine-treated patients. In vitro assays with ACE isolated from human urine and guinea pig plasma demonstrated that the enzyme is inhibited by isradipine and other commercially available calcium channel blockers, such as felodipine, nifedipine, and verapamil. A noncompetitive inhibition was observed with all calcium channel blockers studied. In conclusion, these results suggest that besides the primary effect on calcium channels, the more commonly used calcium channel blockers are also ACE inhibitors. The development of efficient calcium channel blockers with higher ACE inhibitory activity could result in interesting bifunctional antihypertensive drugs.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/43825
ISSN: 0194-911X
Other Identifiers: https://doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.26.6.1145
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