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Title: Differential chromosome sensitivity to 5-azacytidine in Alzheimer's disease
Authors: Payão, Spencer Luiz Marques [UNIFESP]
Smith, M. D.
Bertolucci, Paulo Henrique Ferreira [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease
human chromosomes
constitutive heterochromatin
Issue Date: 1-Sep-1998
Publisher: Karger
Citation: Gerontology. Basel: Karger, v. 44, n. 5, p. 267-271, 1998.
Abstract: Background: The methylation process in the DNA has been considered a control mechanism of gene activity, connected with genetic imprinting. 5-Azacytidine (5-AZC) is known to be a demethylation agent. Objective: We studied the cytogenetic effect of 5-AZC in Alzheimer's disease patients and in two control groups. Methods: Peripheral lymphocyte cultures derived from 8 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 8 elderly and 8 healthy young individuals, all female, were studied. The parameters investigated were: the undercondensation of constitutive heterochromatin of chromosomes 1, 9, and 16: the number of lesions in fragile sites 1q42 and 19q13; heterochromatin association, and the total number of induced lesions. Results: Our results showed a significantly increased frequency of undercondensation of chromosomes 1, 9, and 16 in Alzheimer's disease patients when compared with elderly and young healthy groups. Conclusion: These results suggest that the demethylating action of 5-AZC could reveal differential gene activity in the Alzheimer group at the level of cellular division.
ISSN: 0304-324X
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Appears in Collections:Artigo

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