Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/43169
Title: Obesity and undernutrition in a very-low-income population in the city of Maceio, northeastern Brazil
Authors: Florencio, TMDT
Ferreira, H. D.
Franca, APT de
Cavalcante, J. C.
Sawaya, Ana Lydia [UNIFESP]
Univ Fed Alagoas
Fdn Nacl Saude MS
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: nutritional transition
obesity
undernutrition
Brazil
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2001
Publisher: C A B I Publishing
Citation: British Journal Of Nutrition. Wallingford: C A B I Publishing, v. 86, n. 2, p. 277-283, 2001.
Abstract: Obesity is the nutritional disorder which has shown the greatest increase in prevalence, even in those countries in which deficiency diseases represent a severe public health problem. The goal of the present study was to analyse the anthropometric profile of a community living in the outskirts of Maceio, capital of Alagoas (northeastern Brazil), and to investigate the hypothesis of a coexistence of undernutrition and obesity in a very low-income population. The survey was conducted on 315 families (1247 individuals). Among the children (aged l10 years), the prevalence of wasting, stunting and wasting plus stunting was 3.8, 8.3 and 8.7 % respectively. Wasting (10.2 %) was the most prevalent form of undernutrition among adolescents; nonetheless, a higher frequency of stunting (11 %) and overweight-obesity (5.5 %) was seen specifically in girls, in agreement with trends found in other studies. Adults exhibited a high prevalence of overweight-obesity (25 %), but stunting was also present (22 %). Of the stunted individuals, 30 % were overweight-obese and 16.3 % were underweight. There were eighty-six families with at least one parent who was underweight (27 %) and 104 families with at least one parent who was overweight (33 %). Underweight and overweight-obesity were both present in ninety-six households (30 %). These results may indicate that better living conditions in urban areas in a population 'adapted' to chronic famine might increase the susceptibility to obesity. Considering the harm caused by the cumulative effect of these two conditions (undernutrition in childhood and obesity in adult life) there is a clear need for new studies to uncover the determinant factors so that preventive measures can be implemented.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/43169
ISSN: 0007-1145
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN2001396
Appears in Collections:Artigo

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.