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Title: Overweight and obesity related factors in schoolchildren in Santa Catarina State, Brazil
Authors: Gabriel, Cristine Garcia
Corso, Arlete Catarina Tittoni
Caldeira, Gilberto Veras
Gimeno, Suely Godoy Agostinho [UNIFESP]
Schmitz, Bethsaida de Abreu Soares [UNIFESP]
Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Nutritional status
childhood obesity
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2010
Publisher: Archivos Latinoamericanos Nutricion
Citation: Archivos Latinoamericanos De Nutricion. Caracas: Archivos Latinoamericanos Nutricion, v. 60, n. 4, p. 332-339, 2010.
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation of socioeconomic, dietary, and anthropometric-nutritional variables of parents and their children to overweight (including obesity) in schoolchildren in Santa Catarina State, Brazil. This is a transversal study conducted on 4,964, 6 to 10-year-old schoolchildren registered in 345 Santa Catarina elementary schools. The following data were acquired: the children's current weight and height, birth weight and length, duration of breastfeeding, age at which water, herbal tea and other foods were introduced to their diet; parental income, education level, age, weight and height were also obtained. The prevalence of overweight and obese children were estimated by point and by interval with a 95% confidence; prevalence rates were obtained based on the Poisson model. An hierarchical approach was used, in which variables were adjusted within blocks and included in the model when they presented p<0.05 at the outcome (overweight including obesity). The results indicate that 47.8% of the subjects were male. The prevalence of overweight and obese students was 15.4% (C195%: 14.4%-16.5%) and 6.1% (CI95%: 5.4%-6.7%) respectively and were statistically similar among sexes and age ranges. BMI values were higher in males and among older children (p<0.05). After adjustment within and among blocks, the variables per capita household income and parents' BM I values remained associated with overweight (including obesity). Overweight (including obesity) in schoolchildren is associated with a higher per capita household income and parental overweight and obesity.
ISSN: 0004-0622
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