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|Title:||Effect of Cholecalciferol as Adjunctive Therapy With Insulin on Protective Immunologic Profile and Decline of Residual beta-Cell Function in New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus|
|Authors:||Gabbay, Monica Andrade Lima [UNIFESP]|
Sato, Maria N.
Duarte, Alberto Jose da Silva [UNIFESP]
Dib, Sergio Atala [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
|Publisher:||Amer Medical Assoc|
|Citation:||Archives Of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. Chicago: Amer Medical Assoc, v. 166, n. 7, p. 601-607, 2012.|
|Abstract:||Objective: To evaluate the effect of vitamin D-3 on cytokine levels, regulatory T cells, and residual beta-cell function decline when cholecalciferol (vitamin D-3 administered therapeutically) is given as adjunctive therapy with insulin in new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).Design and Setting: An 18-month (March 10, 2006, to October 28, 2010) randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted at the Diabetes Center of Sao Paulo Federal University, Sao Paulo, Brazil.Participants: Thirty-eight patients with new-onset T1DM with fasting serum C-peptide levels greater than or equal to 0.6 ng/mL were randomly assigned to receive daily oral therapy of cholecalciferol, 2000 IU, or placebo.Main Outcome Measure: Levels of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, regulatory T cells, hemoglobin A(1c), and C-peptide; body mass index; and insulin daily dose.Results: Mean (SD) chemokine ligand 2 (monocyte chemoattractant protein 1) levels were significantly higher (184.6 [101.1] vs 121.4 [55.8] pg/mL) at 12 months, as well as the increase in regulatory T-cell percentage (4.55%[1.5%] vs 3.34%[1.8%]) with cholecalciferol vs placebo. The cumulative incidence of progression to undetectable (<= 0.1 ng/mL) fasting C-peptide reached 18.7% in the cholecalciferol group and 62.5% in the placebo group; stimulated C-peptide reached 6.2% in the cholecalciferol group and 37.5% in the placebo group at 18 months. Body mass index, hemoglobin A(1c) level, and insulin requirements were similar between the 2 groups.Conclusions: Cholecalciferol used as adjunctive therapy with insulin is safe and associated with a protective immunologic effect and slow decline of residual beta-cell function in patients with new-onset T1DM. Cholecalciferol may be an interesting adjuvant in T1DM prevention trials.|
|Appears in Collections:||Artigo|
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