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Title: Impact of OSA on Cardiovascular Events After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Authors: Uchoa, Carlos Henrique G.
Danzi-Soares, Naury de Jesus
Nunes, Flavia S.
Souza, Altay A. L. de [UNIFESP]
Nerbass, Flavia B.
Pedrosa, Rodrigo P.
Cesar, Luiz Antonio M.
Lorenzi-Filho, Geraldo
Drager, Luciano F.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Pernambuco
Issue Date: 1-May-2015
Publisher: Amer Coll Chest Physicians
Citation: Chest. Glenview: Amer Coll Chest Physicians, v. 147, n. 5, p. 1352-1360, 2015.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: the impact of OSA on new cardiovascular events in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is poorly explored.METHODS: Consecutive patients referred for CABG underwent clinical evaluation and standard polysomnography in the preoperative period. CABG surgery data, including percentage of off-pump and on-pump CABG, number of grafts, and intraoperative complications, were collected. the primary end point was major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) (combined events of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, repeated revascularization, and cerebrovascular events). Secondary end points included individual MACCEs, typical angina, and arrhythmias. Patients were evaluated at 30 days (short-term) and up to 6.1 years (long term) aft er CABG.RESULTS: We studied 67 patients (50 men; mean age, 58 +/- 8 years; mean BMI, 28.5 +/- 4.1 kg/m(2)). OSA (apnea-hypopnea index >= 15 events/h) was present in 56% of the population. the patients were followed for a mean of 4.5 years (range, 3.2-6.1 years). No differences were observed in the short-term follow-up. in contrast, MACCE (35% vs 16%, P = .02), new revascularization (19% vs 0%, P = .01), episodes of typical angina (30% vs 7%, P = .02), and atrial fibrillation (22% vs 0%, P = .0068) were more common in patients with than without OSA in the long-term follow-up. OSA was an independent factor associated with the occurrence of MACCE, repeated revascularization, typical angina, and atrial fibrillation in the multivariate analysis.CONCLUSIONS: OSA is independently associated with a higher rate of long-term cardiovascular events aft er CABG and may have prognostic and economic significance in CABG surgery.
ISSN: 0012-3692
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