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Title: Stigmatization of psychiatrists and general practitioners: results of an international survey
Authors: Gaebel, Wolfgang
Zaske, Harald
Zielasek, Jurgen
Cleveland, Helen-Rose
Samjeske, Kathrin
Stuart, Heather
Arboleda-Florez, Julio
Akiyama, Tsuyoshi
Baumann, Anja E.
Gureje, Oye
Jorge, Miguel R. [UNIFESP]
Kastrup, Marianne
Suzuki, Yuriko
Tasman, Allan
Fidalgo, Thiago M. [UNIFESP]
Jarema, Marek
Johnson, Sarah B.
Kola, Lola
Krupchanka, Dzmytry
Larach, Veronica
Matthews, Lyndy
Mellsop, Graham
Ndetei, David M.
Okasha, Tarek A.
Padalko, Ekaterina
Spurgeoun, Joyce A.
Tyszkowska, Magdalena
Sartorius, Norman
Univ Dusseldorf
GESIS Leibniz Inst Social Sci
Queens Univ
NTT Med Ctr
Univ Ibadan
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Competence Ctr Transcultural Psychiat
Natl Inst Mental Hlth
Univ Louisville
Inst Psychiat & Neurol
World Hlth Org UN Country Off
Belarusian Med Acad Postgrad Educ
Univ Andres Bello
Royal Australian & New Zealand Coll Psychiatrists
Univ Auckland
Univ Nairobi
Ain Shams Univ
Assoc Improvement Mental Hlth Programmes
Keywords: Stigma
General practitioners
Attitude survey
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2015
Publisher: Springer
Citation: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. Heidelberg: Springer Heidelberg, v. 265, n. 3, p. 189-197, 2015.
Abstract: The stigma of mental illness affects psychiatry as a medical profession and psychiatrists. the present study aimed to compare the extent and correlation patterns of perceived stigma in psychiatrists and general practitioners. An international multicenter survey was conducted in psychiatrists and general practitioners from twelve countries. Responses were received from N = 1,893 psychiatrists and N = 1,238 general practitioners. Aspects of stigma assessed in the questionnaire included perceived stigma, self-stigma (stereotype agreement), attitudes toward the other profession, and experiences of discrimination. Psychiatrists reported significantly higher perceived stigma and discrimination experiences than general practitioners. Separate multiple regression analyses showed different predictor patterns of perceived stigma in the two groups. Hence, in the psychiatrists group, perceived stigma correlated best with discrimination experiences and self-stigma, while in the general practitioners group it correlated best with self-stigma. About 17 % of the psychiatrists perceive stigma as a serious problem, with a higher rate in younger respondents. Against this background, psychiatry as a medical profession should set a high priority on improving the training of young graduates. Despite the number of existing antistigma interventions targeting mental health professionals and medical students, further measures to improve the image of psychiatry and psychiatrists are warranted, in particular improving the training of young graduates with respect to raising awareness of own stigmatizing attitudes and to develop a better profession-related self-assertiveness.
ISSN: 0940-1334
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