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Title: The study of cardiovascular risk in adolescents - ERICA: rationale, design and sample characteristics of a national survey examining cardiovascular risk factor profile in Brazilian adolescents
Authors: Bloch, Katia Vergetti
Szklo, Moyses
Kuschnir, Maria Cristina C.
Abreu, Gabriela de Azevedo
Barufaldi, Laura Augusta
Klein, Carlos Henrique
Vasconcelos, Mauricio T. L. de
Veiga, Gloria Valeria da [UNIFESP]
Figueiredo, Valeska C.
Dias, Adriano
Moraes, Ana Julia Pantoja
Souza, Ana Luiza Lima
Oliveira, Ana Mayra Andrade de
Schaan, Beatriz D'Argord
Tavares, Bruno Mendes
Oliveira, Cecilia Lacroix de [UNIFESP]
Cunha, Cristiane de Freitas
Giannini, Denise Tavares
Belfort, Dilson Rodrigues
Ribas, Dulce Lopes Barboza
Santos, Eduardo Lima
Leon, Elisa Brosina de
Fujimori, Elizabeth
Oliveira, Elizabete Regina Araujo
Magliano, Erika da Silva
Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes
Azevedo, George Dantas
Brunken, Gisela Soares
Dias, Glauber Monteiro
Correa Filho, Heleno R.
Monteiro, Maria Ines
Guimaraes, Isabel Cristina Britto
Faria Neto, Jose Rocha
Oliveira, Juliana Souza
Carvalho, Kenia Mara Baiocchi de [UNIFESP]
Goncalves, Luis Gonzaga de Oliveira
Santos, Marize M.
Muniz, Pascoal Torres
Jardim, Paulo Cesar B. Veiga
Ferreira, Pedro Antonio Muniz [UNIFESP]
Montenegro, Renan Magalhaes
Gurgel, Ricardo Queiroz
Vianna, Rodrigo Pinheiro
Vasconcelos, Sandra Mary
Matta, Sandro Silva da
Martins, Stella Maris Seixas [UNIFESP]
Goldberg, Tamara Beres Lederer
Silva, Thiago Luiz Nogueira da
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz
Fundacao Inst Brasileiro Geog Estat ENCE
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Fed Univ Para
Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)
Univ Estadual Feira de Santana
Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul
Univ Fed Amazonas
Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Univ Fed Amapa
Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS)
Inst Fed Educ Tecn Tecnol Tocantins
Univ Fed Espirito Santo
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)
Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte
Univ Fed Mato Grosso
Inst Nacl Cardiol
Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA)
Pontificia Univ Catolica Parana
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE)
Universidade de Brasília (UnB)
Univ Fed Rondonia
Univ Fed Piaui
Univ Fed Acre
Univ Fed Maranhao
Univ Fed Ceara
Univ Fed Sergipe
Univ Fed Paraiba
Univ Fed Alagoas
Nucl Hosp Geriatria & Gerontol
Univ Fed Roraima
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases
Metabolic syndrome X
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2015
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
Citation: Bmc Public Health. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 15, 10 p., 2015.
Abstract: Background: the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (Portuguese acronym, ERICA) is a multicenter, school-based country-wide cross-sectional study funded by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, which aims at estimating the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, including those included in the definition of the metabolic syndrome, in a random sample of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years in Brazilian cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Approximately 85,000 students were assessed in public and private schools. Brazil is a continental country with a heterogeneous population of 190 million living in its five main geographic regions (North, Northeast, Midwest, South and Southeast). ERICA is a pioneering study that will assess the prevalence rates of cardiovascular risk factors in Brazilian adolescents using a sample with national and regional representativeness. This paper describes the rationale, design and procedures of ERICA.Methods/Design: Participants answered a self-administered questionnaire using an electronic device, in order to obtain information on demographic and lifestyle characteristics, including physical activity, smoking, alcohol intake, sleeping hours, common mental disorders and reproductive and oral health. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24-hour dietary recall. Anthropometric measures (weight, height and waist circumference) and blood pressure were also be measured. Blood was collected from a subsample of approximately 44,000 adolescents for measurements of fasting glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, glycated hemoglobin and fasting insulin.Discussion: the study findings will be instrumental to the development of public policies aiming at the prevention of obesity, atherosclerotic diseases and diabetes in an adolescent population.
ISSN: 1471-2458
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