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Title: In vitro inhibitory activity of terpenic derivatives against clinical and environmental strains of the Sporothrix schenkii complex
Authors: Nogueira Brilhante, Raimunda Samia
Silva, Natalya Fechine
Farias Marques, Francisca Jakelyne de
Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Debora de Souza
Chaves de Lima, Rita Amanda
Maia Malaquias, Angela Donato
Caetano, Erica Pacheco
Barbosa, Giovanna Riello
Camargo, Zoilo Pires de [UNIFESP]
Rodrigues, Anderson Messias [UNIFESP]
Monteiro, Andre Jalles
Pinheiro Gomes Bandeira, Tereza de Jesus
Cordeiro, Rossana de Aguiar
Costa Sidrim, Jose Julio
Bezerra Moreira, Jose Luciano
Gadelha Rocha, Marcos Fabio
Univ Fed Ceara
Univ Estadual Ceara
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Sporothrix spp.
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2015
Publisher: Oxford Univ Press
Citation: Medical Mycology. Oxford: Oxford Univ Press, v. 53, n. 2, p. 93-98, 2015.
Abstract: Sporotrichosis is a subacute or chronic subcutaneous infection, caused by the fungus Sporothrix schenkii complex, occurring in human and animal tissues. Potassium iodide and itraconazole have been used as effective therapy for first-choice treatment, while amphotericin B may be indicated for disseminated infection. However, the adverse effects of potassium iodide and amphotericin B or the long duration of therapy with itraconazole often weigh against their use, leading to the search for alternatives for the treatment of severe infections. Terpinen-4-ol and farnesol are components of essential oils present in many plant species and have been described to have antifungal activity against microorganisms. in this study, 40 strains of Sporothrix spp. were tested for the susceptibility to terpinen-4-ol and farnesol. Changes in cytoplasmic membrane permeability were also investigated. Terpenes inhibited all Sporothrix strains with MIC values ranging from 87.9 to 1,429.8 mu g/ml for terpinen-4-ol and from 0.003 to 0.222 mu g/ml for farnesol. the MFC values ranged from 177.8 to 5,722.6 mu g/ml and from 0.027 to 0.88 mu g/ml, respectively, for terpinen-4-ol and farnesol. Farnesol was the most active compound for the Sporothrix strains. Significant loss of 260 and 280 nm-absorbing material did not occur after treatment with concentrations equivalent to the MIC and sub-MIC of the tested terpenes, when compared to corresponding untreated samples. the failure of terpenes to lyse Sporothrix cells suggests that their primary mechanism of action is not by causing irreversible cell membrane damage. Thus, new studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms involved in the antifungal activity.
ISSN: 1369-3786
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