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Title: Effectiveness and safety of cryotherapy after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. A systematic review of the literature
Authors: Cabrera Martimbianco, Ana Luiza [UNIFESP]
Silva, Brenda Nazaré Gomes da [UNIFESP]
Carvalho, Alan Pedrosa Viegas de [UNIFESP]
Silva, Valter [UNIFESP]
Torloni, Maria Regina [UNIFESP]
Peccin, Maria Stella [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Anterior cruciate ligament
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Cold therapy
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2014
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
Citation: Physical Therapy in Sport. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, v. 15, n. 4, p. 261-268, 2014.
Abstract: Cryotherapy is widely used in rehabilitation; however, its effectiveness after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains uncertain. To investigate the effectiveness and safety of cryotherapy following ACL reconstruction through a systematic review, randomized and quasi-randomized clinical trials were searched in the databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL PEDro, SportDiscus, CINAHL, LILACS (June 2013). the primary outcomes measures were pain, edema and adverse events; the secondary outcomes were knee function, analgesic medication use, range of motion, blood loss, hospital stay, quality of life and patient satisfaction. the methodological quality of studies was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration risk-of-bias tool. Ten trials (a total of 573 patients) were included. Results of meta-analysis showed that the use of cold compression devices produced a significant reduction in pain scores 48 h after surgery (p < 0.00001), compared to no cryotherapy. the risk for adverse events did not differ between patients receiving cryotherapy versus no treatment (p = 1.00). the limited evidence currently available is insufficient to draw definitive conclusions on the effectiveness of cryotherapy for other outcomes. There is a need for well designed, good quality randomized trials to answer other questions related to this intervention and increase the precision of future systematic reviews. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1466-853X
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