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Title: Effects of Ezetimibe on Endothelial Progenitor Cells and Microparticles in High-Risk Patients
Authors: Amaral Lins, Livia Campos [UNIFESP]
Franca, Carolina Nunes [UNIFESP]
Helfenstein Fonseca, Francisco Antonio [UNIFESP]
Melo Barbosa, Simone Pinto [UNIFESP]
Matos, Livia Nascimento [UNIFESP]
Aguirre, Ana Carolina [UNIFESP]
Bianco, Henrique Tria [UNIFESP]
Amaral, Jonatas Bussador do [UNIFESP]
Izar, Maria Cristina [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: C-reactive protein
Endothelial progenitors cells
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2014
Publisher: Humana Press Inc
Citation: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics. Totowa: Humana Press Inc, v. 70, n. 1, p. 687-696, 2014.
Abstract: Imbalance on endothelial turnover can predict cardiovascular outcomes. We aimed at evaluating the effects of lipid-modifying therapies on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), endothelial microparticles (EMPs), and platelet microparticles (PMPs) in high cardiovascular risk subjects with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP). Sixty-three individuals with coronary heart disease (CHD) or CHD risk equivalent on stable statin therapy, with LDL-cholesterol < 100 mg/dL and CRP a parts per thousand yen2.0 mg/L were selected. After a 4-week run-in period with atorvastatin 10 mg, those with persistent CRP a parts per thousand yen2.0 mg/L were randomized to another 4-week treatment period with atorvastatin 40 mg, ezetimibe 10 mg or atorvastatin 40 mg/ezetimibe 10 mg. EPC (CD34(+)/CD133(+)/KDR+), EMP (CD51(+)), and PMP (CD42(+)/CD31(+)) were quantified by flow cytometry. Atorvastatin 40 mg and atorvastatin 40 mg/ezetimibe 10 mg reduced LDL-cholesterol (P < 0.001, paired T test, vs. baseline). Combined therapy, but not ezetimibe reduced CRP. CD34(+)/KDR+ EPC were reduced after ezetimibe alone (P = 0.011 vs. baseline, Wilcoxon test) or combined with atorvastatin (P = 0.016 vs. baseline, Wilcoxon test). in addition, ezetimibe increased CD51(+) EMP (P = 0.017 vs. baseline, Wilcoxon test). No correlations between these markers and LDL-cholesterol or CRP were observed. These results contribute to understand the link between inflammation and vascular homeostasis and highlight the broader benefit of statins decreasing inflammation and preventing microparticles release, an effect not observed with ezetimibe alone.
ISSN: 1085-9195
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