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Title: Association between the p27 rs2066827 variant and tumor multiplicity in patients harboring MEN1 germline mutations
Authors: Longuini, Viviane C.
Lourenco, Delmar M.
Sekiya, Tomoko
Meirelles, Osorio
Goncalves, Tatiana D.
Coutinho, Flavia L.
Francisco, Guilherme
Osaki, Luciana H.
Chammas, Roger
Alves, Venancio A. F.
Siqueira, Sheila A. C.
Schlesinger, David
Naslavsky, Michel S.
Zatz, Mayana
Duarte, Yeda A. O.
Lebrao, Maria Lucia
Gama, Patricia
Lee, Misu
Molatore, Sara
Pereira, Maria Adelaide A.
Jallad, Raquel S.
Bronstein, Marcello D.
Cunha-Neto, Malebranche B.
Liberman, Bernardo
Fragoso, Maria Candida B. V.
Toledo, Sergio P. A. [UNIFESP]
Pellegata, Natalia S.
Toledo, Rodrigo A.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Brigadeiro Hosp
Israelita Ensino & Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2014
Publisher: Bioscientifica Ltd
Citation: European Journal of Endocrinology. Bristol: Bioscientifica Ltd, v. 171, n. 3, p. 335-342, 2014.
Abstract: Objective: To date, no evidence of robust genotype-phenotype correlation or disease modifiers for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome has been described, leaving the highly variable clinical presentation of patients unaccounted for.Design: As the CDKN1B (p27) gene causes MEN4 syndrome and it is transcriptionally regulated by the product of the MEN1 gene (menin), we sought to analyze whether p27 influences the phenotype of MEN1-mutated patients. the cohort consisted of 100 patients carrying germline MEN1 gene mutations and 855 population-matched control individuals.Methods: Genotyping of the coding p27 c.326T>G (V109G) variant was performed by sequencing and restriction site digestion, and the genotypes were associated with clinical parameters by calculating odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% CIs using logistic regression.Results: There were significant differences in p27 V109G allele frequencies between controls and MEN1-mutated patients (OR=2.55, P=0.019, CI=1.013-5.76). Among patients who are >= 30 years old carrying truncating MEN1 mutations, the T allele was strongly associated with susceptibility to tumors in multiple glands (three to four glands affected vs one to two glands affected; OR=18.33; P=0.002, CI=2.88-16.41). This finding remained significant after the Bonferroni's multiple testing correction, indicating a robust association. No correlations were observed with the development of MEN1-related tumors such as hyperparathyroidism, pituitary adenomas, and enteropancreatic and adrenocortical tumors.Conclusions: Our study suggests that the p27 tumor suppressor gene acts as a disease modifier for the MEN1 syndrome associated with MEN1 germline mutations. If confirmed in independent patient cohorts, this finding could facilitate the management of this clinically complex disease.
ISSN: 0804-4643
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