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Title: Lovastatin decreases the synthesis of inflammatory mediators during epileptogenesis in the hippocampus of rats submitted to pilocarpine-induced epilepsy
Authors: Gouveia, T. L. F. [UNIFESP]
Scorza, F. A. [UNIFESP]
Iha, H. A. [UNIFESP]
Frangiotti, M. I. B. [UNIFESP]
Perosa, S. R. [UNIFESP]
Cavalheiro, E. A. [UNIFESP]
Silva, J. A.
Feliciano, R. S.
Almeida, A. C. de
Naffah-Mazzacoratti, M. G. [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Nave Julho
Univ Fed Sao Joao del Rei
Keywords: Lovastatin
Temporal lobe epilepsy
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Epilepsy & Behavior. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 36, p. 68-73, 2014.
Abstract: Statins may act on inflammatory responses, decreasing oxidative stress and also reducing brain inflammation in several brain disorders. Epileptogenesis is a process in which a healthy brain becomes abnormal and predisposed to generating spontaneous seizures. We previously reported that lovastatin could prevent neuroinflammation in pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). in this context, this study investigated the long-lasting effects of lovastatin on mRNA expression of proinflammatoty cytokines (interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6) and the antiinflammatoty cytokine IL-10 in the hippocampus during epileptogenesis by immunohistochemistry and real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) during the latent and chronic phases in the epilepsy model induced by pilocarpine in rats. for these purposes, four groups of rats were employed: saline (CONTROL), lovastatin (LOVA), pilocarpine (PILO), and pilocarpine plus lovastatin (PILO + LOVA). After pilocarpine injection (350 mg/kg, i.p.), the rats were treated with 20 mg/kg of lovastatin via an esophagic probe 2 h after SE onset All surviving rats were continuously treated during 15 days, twice/day. the pilocarpine plus lovastatin group showed a significant decrease in the levels of IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 during the latent phase and a decreased expression of IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha in the chronic phase when compared with the PILO group. Moreover, lovastatin treatment also induced an increased expression of the antiinflammatory cytokine, IL-10, in the PILO + LOVA group when compared with the PILO group in the chronic phase. Thus, our data suggest that lovastin may reduce excitotoxicity during epileptogenesis induced by pilocarpine by increasing the synthesis of IL-10 and decreasing proinflammatory cytokines in the hippocampus. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1525-5050
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