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Title: Assessing Alcohol Dependence in Hospitalized Patients
Authors: Doering-Silveira, Juliana [UNIFESP]
Fidalgo, Thiago Marques [UNIFESP]
Nascimento, Carolina Lins e Silva [UNIFESP]
Alves, Juliana Bernardo [UNIFESP]
Seito, Caroline Lumy [UNIFESP]
Saita, Maria Claudia [UNIFESP]
Belluzzi, Lorenza Oliveira [UNIFESP]
Silva, Laila Carolina [UNIFESP]
Silveira, Dartiu Xavier da [UNIFESP]
Rosa-Oliveira, Leonardo [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: alcohol
general hospital
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2014
Publisher: Mdpi Ag
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Basel: Mdpi Ag, v. 11, n. 6, p. 5783-5791, 2014.
Abstract: Alcohol misuse is generally not detected in hospital settings. the goal of this study was to estimate the prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence in hospitalized patients in a university hospital in São Paulo (Brazil). Patients were randomly selected from all hospital admissions. the final sample consisted of 169 adult inpatients. Two screening tools were used: the Short Alcohol Dependence Data (SADD) and the CAGE questionnaires. in this sample, 25.4% of patients could be considered alcohol dependent according to the CAGE questionnaire, whereas 32.9% of patients fulfilled the criteria according to the SADD. the only predictor of alcohol dependence was gender; male inpatients were 3.2 times more prone to alcohol dependence with female inpatients. All inpatients should be systematically screened for alcohol use disorders. the choice of the screening tool will depend on whether the goal is to identify inpatients with hazardous drinking behaviors or with established alcohol-related problems. To maximize proper case identification, the CAGE questionnaire should be used as a first-step screening tool, and patients who screen positive on this scale should be subsequently administered the SADD questionnaire to assess the severity of the condition.
ISSN: 1660-4601
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