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Title: Working Memory Screening, School Context, and Socioeconomic Status An Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Working Memory Rating Scale in Brazil
Authors: Abreu, Pascale M. J. Engel de
Nikaedo, Carolina [UNIFESP]
Abreu, Neander
Tourinho, Carlos J.
Miranda, Monica C. [UNIFESP]
Bueno, Orlando F. A. [UNIFESP]
Martin, Romain
Univ Luxembourg
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA)
Keywords: Working Memory Rating Scale
psychometric properties
Issue Date: 1-May-2014
Publisher: Sage Publications Inc
Citation: Journal of Attention Disorders. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc, v. 18, n. 4, p. 346-356, 2014.
Abstract: Objective: the study explores the psychometric properties of the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the Working Memory Rating Scale (WMRS-Br) in a population of 355 young children from diverse socioeconomic status and schooling backgrounds. Method: Public and private school teachers completed the WMRS-Br and children were assessed on a range of objective cognitive measures of fluid intelligence, working memory, and attention. Results: Reliability and validity of the WMRS-Br were excellent across the public and private school sample. the WMRS-Br manifested substantial links with objective measures of working memory and medium links with selective attention, switching, and interference suppression. Confirmatory factor analyses suggest that a shorter version of the scale provides an adequate fit to the data. Conclusion: the WMRS-Br represents a valid screening tool in a Latin American context that has the potential to improve the early detection of working memory deficits in children growing up in poverty.
ISSN: 1087-0547
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