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Title: Moderate hyperhomocysteinemia provokes dysfunction of cardiovascular autonomic system and liver oxidative stress in rats
Authors: Mendes, Roberta Hack
Mostarda, Cristiano [UNIFESP]
Candido, Georgia Orsi [UNIFESP]
Moraes-Silva, Ivana Cinthya
D'Almeida, Vânia[UNIFESP]
Bello-Klein, Adriane [UNIFESP]
Irigoyen, Maria Claudia [UNIFESP]
Rigatto, Katya
Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Univ Fed Ciencias Saude Porto Alegre
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Univ Santo Amaro
Keywords: Homocysteine
Autonomic imbalance
Liver oxidative stress
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Autonomic Neuroscience-basic & Clinical. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 180, p. 43-47, 2014.
Abstract: Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) is associated with cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis and reactive oxygen species generation. Thus, our aim was to investigate whether there was an association between HHcy, blood pressure, autonomic control and liver oxidative stress. Male Wistar rats were divided into 2 groups and treated for 8 weeks: one group (control, CO) received tap water, while the other group (methionine, ME) was given a 100 mg/kg of methionine in water by gavage. Two catheters were implanted into the femoral artery and vein to record arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR) and drug administration. Signals were recorded by a data acquisition system. Baroreflex sensitivity was evaluated by HR responses to AP changes induced by vasoactive drugs. HR variability and AP variability were performed by spectral analysis in time and frequency domains to evaluate the contribution of the sympathetic and parasympathetic modulation. Lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activities were evaluated by measuring superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase in liver homogenates. the ME group presented a significant increase in systolic arterial pressure (118 +/- 9 vs 135 +/- 6 mm Hg), diastolic arterial pressure (81 +/- 6 vs. 92 +/- 4) and mean arterial pressure (95 +/- 7 vs. 106 +/- 6). in addition, pulse interval variability presented a significant decrease (41%), while the low frequency component of AP was significantly increased (delta P = 6.24 mmHg(2)) in the ME group. We also found a positive association between lipid peroxidation and cardiac sympathetic modulation, sympathetic and vagal modulation ratio and systolic pressure variability. Collectively, these findings showed that HHcy induced dysfunction of cardiovascular autonomic system and liver oxidative stress. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1566-0702
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