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Title: Morphometric changes in C57BL/6 mice retina infected by Toxoplasma gondii ME 49 strain
Authors: Higino Rocha, Ana Cristina
Calabrese, Katia da Silva
Tedesco, Roberto Carlos [UNIFESP]
Campos, Wesley Ribeiro
Neto, Miguel Houri
Vasconcelos, Anilton Cezar
Orefice, Fernando
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Mice
Ocular toxoplasmosis
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Experimental Parasitology. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 136, p. 1-4, 2014.
Abstract: This study evaluated the morphometric implications in C57BL/6 mouse retina infected by Toxoplasma gondii, ME 49 strain. Twenty C57BL/6 female mice were divided into group 1 (n = 8, intraperitoneally infected with 30 cysts of T. gondii ME 49 strain) and group 2 (n = 12 non-infected controls). the eyes were enucleated on the 60th day after infection, fixed and processed for light microscopy. Changes in retinal thickness and in the perimeter/area ratio (P/A) of the retinal layers were analyzed by digital morphometry. We considered that P/A was the measurement of retinal architecture distortion induced by toxoplasmosis. This study considered the ganglion cells and nerve fiber layers as a monolayer, thus six layers of retina were evaluated: photoreceptors (PRL), outer nuclear (ONL), outer plexiform (OPL), inner nuclear (INL), inner plexiform (IPL) and ganglion cells/nerve fiber monolayer (GNL). Histological analysis of infected mouse retina showed inflammatory infiltrate, necrosis, glial reaction and distortion of the retina architecture. It also presented increased thickness (167.8 +/- 24.9 mu m versus 121.1 +/- 15.4 mu m, in controls) and increased retinal thickness within the retinitis foci (187.7 +/- 16.6 mu m versus 147.9 +/- 12.2 mu m out of the retinitis foci). A statistically significant difference in P/A was observed between infected and uninfected mouse retinas. the same was observed in PRL, ON, INL and GNL. Retinal morphometry may be used to demonstrate differences between infected and uninfected mouse retinas. Published by Elsevier Inc.
ISSN: 0014-4894
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