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Title: Performance assessment of the single photon emission microscope: high spatial resolution SPECT imaging of small animal organs
Authors: Mejia, Jorge
Reis, Marília Alves dos [UNIFESP]
Miranda, Andrés C. C.
Batista, Ilza Rosa [UNIFESP]
Barboza, Marycel Rosa F.
Shih, Ming Chi
Fu, Geng
Chen, Chin Tu
Meng, Ling Jian
Bressan, Rodrigo Affonseca [UNIFESP]
Amaro, Edson
Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
GE Global Res
Univ Chicago
Univ Illinois
Keywords: Tomography
Preclinical imaging
Molecular imaging
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2013
Publisher: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica
Citation: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. São Paulo: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica, v. 46, n. 11, p. 936-942, 2013.
Abstract: The single photon emission microscope (SPEM) is an instrument developed to obtain high spatial resolution single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images of small structures inside the mouse brain. SPEM consists of two independent imaging devices, which combine a multipinhole collimator, a high-resolution, thallium-doped cesium iodide [CsI(Tl)] columnar scintillator, a demagnifying/intensifier tube, and an electron-multiplying charge-coupling device (CCD). Collimators have 300- and 450-mm diameter pinholes on tungsten slabs, in hexagonal arrays of 19 and 7 holes. Projection data are acquired in a photon-counting strategy, where CCD frames are stored at 50 frames per second, with a radius of rotation of 35 mm and magnification factor of one. the image reconstruction software tool is based on the maximum likelihood algorithm. Our aim was to evaluate the spatial resolution and sensitivity attainable with the seven-pinhole imaging device, together with the linearity for quantification on the tomographic images, and to test the instrument in obtaining tomographic images of different mouse organs. A spatial resolution better than 500 mm and a sensitivity of 21.6 counts?.s(-1).MBq(-1) were reached, as well as a correlation coefficient between activity and intensity better than 0.99, when imaging Tc-99m sources. Images of the thyroid, heart, lungs, and bones of mice were registered using Tc-99m-labeled radiopharmaceuticals in times appropriate for routine preclinical experimentation of <1 h per projection data set. Detailed experimental protocols and images of the aforementioned organs are shown. We plan to extend the instrument's field of view to fix larger animals and to combine data from both detectors to reduce the acquisition time or applied activity.
ISSN: 0100-879X
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