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Title: Hemispheric surgery for refractory epilepsy in children and adolescents: Outcome regarding seizures, motor skills and adaptive function
Authors: Hamad, Ana Paula Andrade [UNIFESP]
Caboclo, Luís Otávio Sales Ferreira [UNIFESP]
Centeno, Ricardo Silva [UNIFESP]
Costa, Livia Vianez [UNIFESP]
Ladeia-Frota, Carol [UNIFESP]
Carrete Junior, Henrique [UNIFESP]
Gomez, Nicolas Garofalo
Marinho, Murilo Martinez [UNIFESP]
Yacubian, Elza Márcia Targas [UNIFESP]
Sakamoto, Américo Ceiki [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Inst Neurol & Neurocirugia Cuba
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Epilepsy
Hemispheric surgery
Motor function
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2013
Publisher: W B Saunders Co Ltd
Citation: Seizure-european Journal of Epilepsy. London: W B Saunders Co Ltd, v. 22, n. 9, p. 752-756, 2013.
Abstract: Purpose: the aim of the study was to report the seizure outcome, motor skills and adaptive motor functions in a series of children and adolescents who underwent hemispheric surgery, analysing the risk-benefits of surgery.Methods: the clinical course, seizure and motor function outcomes of 15 patients who underwent hemispheric surgery were reviewed.Results: the mean age at surgery was 9.5, with 1-9 years follow-up. the underlying pathologies were Rasmussen encephalitis, vascular disorders, and hemimegalencephaly. All the patients presented with severe epilepsy and different degrees of hemiparesis, although motor functionality was preserved in 80% of the patients. At last follow-up, 67% were seizure free, and 20% rarely experienced seizures. Antiepileptic drugs were reduced in 60%, and complete withdrawal from such drugs was successful in 20% of the patients. the motor outcome following the surgery varied between the patients.Despite the motor deficit after surgery, the post-operative motor function showed unchanged for gross motor function in most (60%), while 27% improved. Similar results were obtained for the ability to handle objects in daily life activities. Sixty percent of the children were capable of handling objects, with somewhat reduced coordination and/or motor speed.Conclusion: Pre-surgical motor function continues to play a role in the pre-surgical evaluation process in order to provide a baseline for outcome. Hemispheric surgery, once regarded as a radical intervention and last treatment resource, may become routinely indicated for refractory hemispheric epilepsy in children and adolescents, with oftentime favourable motor outcomes. (C) 2013 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1059-1311
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